According to the media outlet, California is a good place to start when talking about the changing landscape of the hiring market. While the state unemployment level is currently at its lowest in nearly four years, and more state residents are reporting finding a job, many experts are focusing on the kinds of jobs these workers are getting, and how it is impacting the state.
Take Nubia Calderon Barillas' case. The 32-year-old recently left her job in the retail industry to take a housekeeping gig at the airport Holiday Inn. Although the job at first seemed to offer higher wages than her previous position and stability was touted as part of the job, trouble soon arose. Barillas was only given two days of work per week, and was not given more hours even when she asked for them repeatedly.
"It's been difficult lately," she said. "I practically didn't work all of December except for the holidays."
Her case is not unique, though. According to the news source, the number of people who are involuntarily working in part time positions has jumped to 7.9 million - 80 percent higher than in 2006. It does seem, however, that California may be facing the brunt of the problems, with government data showing the number of involuntary part-time workers in the Golden State has risen to 1.3 million in the same time period, marking an increase of 126 percent.
When surveyed, companies say they are turning to part time and temporary workers to cut costs, according to Michael Bernick, a fellow at the Milken Institute who studies labor trends.
"As you have more and more costs associated with full-time workers in terms of healthcare or other costs, employers look for alternative ways to reduce costs," Bernick said. "One way is on-demand and part-time work."
While this may seem like a good cost-cutting decision now, economists say such hiring could have serious implications down the line, according to the news source. Wage disparities and lower consumer spending are both risks that could arise in the future.
What's more, these positions don't always offer benefits or healthcare packages, which could potentially force these workers to pay more out of pocket in the event of an illness or similar circumstance, the news source stated.
According to Fox News, the part-time and temporary hiring market is currently in the middle of a significant change as the recent healthcare changes go into place in the next year. Workers that put in more than 30 hours a week - a period that once meant part-time work - must be given healthcare coverage beginning in 2014.
This could further shake up how companies view part-time and temporary hiring. The rules will force employers to reassess their workforce management procedures, which could entail adopting new tools and technology that will help them manage their workforce and develop new guidelines that dictate when and how an employee is eligible for health benefits, the media outlet stated.
The impending healthcare changes will come as more employers look to cost per unit labor as well, which has the potential to drive down labor costs by as much as 10 to 15 percent. As firms focus on performance and quality, turnover among the part time and contingent workforce is also expected to fall, boosting overall workforce productivity.